The term taken from Latin is composed of the words "trans" and "scribere".
It means as much as "written over" and describes the translation of a spoken text into writing.
This process is called "transcribing" by the person in charge of a transcription.
In practical terms, "transcribing" today means the transfer of words spoken on a recording medium into written text.
These can be audio or video recordings that are converted into text.
The activity is called "transcribing", the result "transcript".